Concussion and Language Change

The story of Reuben Nsemoh, the teenager in Georgia, USA, who received a blow on the head and woke up speaking Spanish, reminded me of a similar, though less severe, trauma that I experienced in the mid-1970s in Ghana, West Africa. Reuben was playing football and as a goalkeeper he was kicked on the head as he dived for the ball. My own experience occurred while horse riding, when my mount slipped on dry grass while rounding a tight right turn at a canter, and fell, pitching me onto the left side of my head. Reuben woke up speaking Spanish, and I was reported to have spoken only the local African language, Twi, through hours during which I suffered complete memory loss.

Reuben’s concussion was much more severe than mine. The direct blow to the head caused seizures and three days in hospital in coma. I was wearing a riding hat which provided a degree of protection. Able to remount, I rode back to the stables where my family observed strange behaviour and took me to hospital. The next twelve hours are for me a total blank and I must rely on the testimony of my wife and sons for what transpired.

Apparently, it was soon realised that I was speaking only the local language known as Twi, so my wife asked a Ghanaian friend to accompany us to the hospital to serve as interpreter. It seems that I kept repeating that I was riding a horse and fell off. It was soon realised that I was suffering from concussion and I was admitted to a ward where I woke up in bed the next morning.

Then transpired a most curious episode. I awoke like a new-born baby with my mind a complete blank. I struggled to recall who I was and how I came to be here. I began to reconstruct my memory from the beginning. After a while I found a note on a bedside table. It had been left by my wife who had wisely anticipated my problem. It told me who I was, where I was, and how I came to be there. Later, she arrived in person to complete the cure, and I was allowed to leave hospital.

Reuben was reported to be an English speaker who had not spoken Spanish before his accident. However, the same media reports tell us that he had some Spanish speaking friends who had tried to teach him their language and Reuben’s own brother speaks Spanish. My own experience was similar in that I was immersed in a community of Twi speakers and had been studying Twi with a group of friends, although at that time I had not progressed far. We are told that the left side of the brain controls speech and any damage in this area can have curious consequences. One hopes that Reuben will retain his fluency in Spanish but suffer no other permanent effects from his trauma.

John Powell

John Powell weaves a tale of romance, tension and intrigue into the lives and loves of Kwame Mainu and his family and friends, against the rich social, cultural, economic and political background of the first four decades of Ghana’s independence, in his two novels: The Colonial Gentleman’s Son and Return to the Garden City.

He is also the author of the humorous children’s book Saint George: Rusty Knight and Monster Tamer.

White People Often Disguise Their Racism

If we observe and focus on various incidents which had taken place during the dark days of slavery and even after that time period, it has been proven, on several occasions that many white people have racial issues which makes them want to stand apart instead of mixing around with black people. Apparently although the situation seems different in the present with the increasing number of interracial relationships, the bitterness within the white people still exist to some extent. At present, there are many organizations which strive to maintain peace and equality among the whites and blacks. Consequently, white people often disguise their racism in order to prove innocent to the world and to the society. Nevertheless their true colors and thoughts can be seen and experienced on a number of occasions. Although this does not apply to all white people, there are many situations in which we are able to see clearly through their disguises.

In certain churches, even though the worship service is meant for all people, there are times when some whites show their disapproval to sit with a black or to receive communion next to a black. The differences they have in mind are not shown openly to the world. Neither could they explain the subtle feeling. But the fact is that many white people feel a big deal of contrast and that particular feeling is what prevents them to accept the equality among all humankind.

Another reason for white people to disguise their racism is for to prevent others from getting hurt. For example if you have a white friend who is married to a black, you simply would not want to speak anything which would promote racism due to the fact of creating unnecessary fights and arguments with your friend. But the fact of you being a racist will not change whatsoever. The only difference is that you would remain as a racist in a covet manner instead of revealing your true colors to the world.

Considering education, today, blacks and whites share an equal rate of intelligence. Today many blacks own and administer highly esteemed companies and organizations across the globe. Therefore, many white people disguise their racism for the sake of getting suitable employment and good positions in those companies. This is a very controversial situation which many people do not prefer to speak about in the open. However, overtly or covertly, if you are a racist, you would not experience the true tranquility in life.

White Rage: The Unspoken Truth of Our Racial Divide

White rage: the unspoken truth of our racial divide indicates every time African Americans try to make advances towards complete contribution in democracy.The end of the civil war and renovation was greeted with the black codes. The according to civil right proceed of 1964 and voting civil rights act of 1965 triggered a coded but influential reaction.

The realism theory is that every person on this planet is naturally unique and different. And so when a racist verdict is made it could be based on relations where to have nothing to do which person involved or not. Of course, these races are categorized in certain traditions, however, if there is a model in certain races it is surely based on the situation they were brought up in and not on the tone of their skin. With it being clear we will be able to see that good and bad is involved in all races.

Considering these and other historical viewpoints when social development for African Americans was countered by cunningly crafted opposition. White rage: the unspoken truth of our racial divide covered actions made in the name of defending democracy, economic liability, or shield against fraud, depiction visible the long heredity of white rage. Convincing and dramatic in the impeccable history it relates; white rage will attach a significant new measurement to the national conversation about racism in America.

So based on this understanding, it makes possible to understand that logic or domination will not work in eradicating racism. One of the results of this is that people’s actions, frequently in the community eye is totally different like never before; which has the possible for top levels of judgment and inquiry. It will become visible that it may be gone, through the procedure of it being pressed into one’s insensible mind. The delusion of evolution will then be formed within the society;

The perspectives for instance that guide to racist actions are likely to still survive, but through the conditioning of responsibility or embarrassment, will be kept secret and under control. This might then source them to be channeled into other ways. Activities then might go to the other extreme; creating an environment of fear and panic around coming across as racist.

It is often said that the more laws a society has the less develop it is. We can understand this describes that when a human being comprehends something at a deeper or exciting level, laws are not necessary and the laws are considered as what they actually are – compensatory.